Oil & Gas Industry in India



India is one of the quickest developing significant economies on the planet and the third biggest buyer of oil based commodities, after US and China. Although There is an expanded spotlight on gas and renewables, interest for oil has dependably been on the ascent, and is evaluated to develop in any event until 2040.according to the report distributed by India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), India’s vitality request is relied upon to twofold to 1,516 million tons of oil equal (Mtoe) by 2035 from 723.9 Mtoe in 2016. Additionally, India’s share in worldwide essential vitality utilization is anticipated to increment by two-overlays by 2035. India’s aggregate oil imports rose 4.24 percent year-on- year to US$ 86.45 billion out of 2016-17. India’s oil utilization grew 8.3 percent year-on-year to 212.7 million tons in 2016, as against the worldwide development of 1.5 percent, in this way making it the third-biggest oil devouring country on the planet. India is the fourth- biggest Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) shipper after Japan, South Korea and China, and records for 5.8 percent of the aggregate worldwide exchange.


Significant Industry Players


Upstream Sector: Oil and Natural Gas Company (ONGC), Oil India Limited and Crain Energy. ONGC is the biggest upstream organization in E&P fragment representing roughly 61.5 percent of India’s aggregate oil yield. Amid the Financial year 2016, 1,118,000 meters of wells were investigated and created in India, and amid a similar period, 506 wells were penetrated in India.


  1. Midstream Sector: Indian Oil Corporation, Gas Authority of India Limited, and so forth. Indian Oil Partnership works a 11,214 km system of rough, gas and item pipelines, with a limit of 1.6 million barrels for every day (mbpd) of oil and 10 million metric standard cubic meters every day (mmscmd) of gas. This is around 30 for every penny of the India’s aggregate pipeline arrange.


iii.Downstream Sector: Indian Oil Corporation, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited, Hindustan oil, and so on. Indian Oil Partnership is the biggest organization, controlling 10 out of 22 Indian refineries, with a consolidated limit of 1.31 mbpd.


Ongoing Initiatives by the Government of India


  1. The Government of India has reported its plans to consolidate state oil organizations to make coordinated oil major. This oil major would at that point contend comprehensively and use the collaboration between different state substances for accomplishing proficiency and cost intensity with a specific end goal to make more an incentive for all investors.


  1. The Government of India intends to fabricate a nine million ton (MT) refinery in Rajasthan and a 60 MT refinery in Maharashtra, sell off oil and gas fields, increment utilization of melted gaseous petrol (LNG). Further, the Government of India is in exchanges with Saudi Arabian Oil Co (Saudi Aramco) with respect to interests in India.